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Index of articles that describe the Table of Contents pages of journals

Why select this database?

  • The ArticleFirst database describes items listed on the table of contents pages individual issues of numerous journals
  • Each record describes one article, news story, letter, or other item from a journal
  • Most records provide a list of libraries that hold the journal title

Subjects included

  • business
  • humanities
  • medicine
  • popular culture
  • science
  • social science
  • technology

Database details

Database name ArticleFirst
Short database name ARTF
Available on New FirstSearch Test Server and Production Server
Sources Over 16,000
Number of records 27,000,000+
Coverage 1990 to present
Update frequency Daily
Producer OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc.


Index labels and search examples

Use a colon after an index label (for example, au:) when you are not certain of your search terms. Use an equal sign after an index label (au=) for an exact match search. You can search with an index label from any search screen. The information you type overrides any default menu selections. The following examples show sample rather than actual searches.

Search indexes Labels Examples
Keyword         kw:   coffee and tea house+
Article type at: review
Article type phrase at= book review
Author au: coffee
Author phrase au=

coffee john

[last name first]

First page pg: x15
Identifier ii: report
Issue is: 20-may-1999
Language phrase ln= spanish
OCLC number oc: 30678983
Publication date pd:



november 20, 2001

Publisher pb: mcgraw-hill
Source so: kenya
Source phrase so= kenya coffee
Standard number sn: 1120-4826
Title ti: music w3 british
Title phrase ti= organ music with a british accent
Volume vo: 76b

Index use and structure

What follows is a list of FirstSearch indexes and the combination of USE and STRUCTURE attributes that can be used to access them.

  1. For any FirstSearch label where multiple USE attributes are listed all the attributes will provide the exact same search result sets.
  2. Any USE attribute that is not marked as a restrictor is available via the SCAN service.
  3. Restrictors are specially implemented indexes and are not available for scanning. Terms for these must be ANDed with other terms to limit the size of the result set. See the table provided for each restrictor to determine valid terms and their associated meaning.

FirstSearch indexes and USE and STRUCTURE attributes used to access them:

Index Description Use Attribute Structure Attribute Indexed Fields and Subfields
Keyword (kw) Any 5110 2 Includes fields in the following indexes:


Source Phrase

Keyword All

(new index beginning 12/16/2001)
Any 1016 2 Includes fields in the following indexes:



Source Phrase
Accession Number (no) Control number-local 12 2 035/a
Article Type (at, at=)* Content-type 1034 1, 2 949/L
Author (au, au=) Author-name 1003 1, 2, 101 100/a

Issue Identifier (ii) OCLC Defined 5043 2 980/c
Issue Number (is) OCLC Defined 5004 2 949/b,d
Language (ln=)* Code-language 54 1 983/8
OCLC No. of Journal (oc) OCLC Defined 5999 2 <001>
Publisher (pb) Name-publisher 1018 2 260/b
Publication Date (pd) Date 30 2 949/e, g
Page Number, First (pg) OCLC Defined 5006 2 949/f
Standard Number (sn, sn=) Identifier-standard 1007 1, 2 773/x,y


Source (so, so=) Title-host-item 1033 1, 2 773/s,t

Title (ti) Title 4 2 245/a,b

Title (ti=) Title 4 1 245/a

Volume (vo) OCLC Defined 5013 2 949/a
Year (yr) Date-publication 31 4, 5 008 <date>

* The data for the Article Type (1034) and Language (54) indexes should not be used for general searching. The data is only available with the oldest data and with less than 1/3 of the newest data.

Record display information

List of FirstSearch fields for ArticleFirst and the MARC fields to which they correspond:

Field Name MARC field
OCLC Number 001
Year 008
Standard SICI Code 024/a
Accession Number 035/a
Author 100/a

Author Affiliation 100/u

Title of Article 245/a
Additional Information 245/b
Journal Place 260/a
Journal Publisher 260/b
Journal Date of Publication 260/c
Number of Pages 300/a
Language of Serial 546/a
Citation 773/g
Journal's Uniform Title Main Entry 773/s
Journal Title 773/t
ISSN of Journal 773/x
CODEN of Journal 773/y
Dewey Classification of Journal 773/8
LC Classification of Journal 773/9
Preceding Journal's ISSN 780/x
Preceding Journal's CODEN 780/y
Succeeding Journal's ISSN 785/x
Succeeding Journal's CODEN 785/y
Instructions To Get Full Text 856/i
Full Text Format (e.g., ASCII, PDF) 856/q
URL to External Website or Link to Full Text Article (Direct Article Access) 856/u
OCLC DAA (Direct Article Access) 856/x
Database from which Full Text Article Is Accessed 856/8
Library Holdings 948

Detailed holdings information is available in FirstSearch Z39.50 Configuration Guide - Element Set Names.
Volume Number 949/a
Issue Number 949/b
Page of Record Citation 949/c
Supplemental Information 949/d
Non-traditional Date 949/e
Date Information (yyyymmdd) 949/g
First Page of Article 949/f
Julian Day 949/j
Article Type 949/L
Display Type 949/x
Issue Identifier of Journal 980/c
Article Title Information 980/o
British Library Shelfmark Number 980/x
Preceding Journal Title 980/2,3
Succeeding Journal Title 980/4,5
Journal's Uniform Title 980/6
Journal's Key Title 980/7,8
Language of Article 983/8


The following restrictor can be used only in conjunction with an index search.  It must be added to an index search with the Boolean AND to receive results:

Restrictor Type Input Use Attribute Structure Attribute MARC Tag
Year * All years

Single year

Range of years

19xx, 20xx

19xx - 20xx
31 5 008 <date>
Limit to Holdings OCLC institution symbol Enter symbol for OCLC institution 2 56 948

* Year is both an index and a restrictor.

Note: To find the OCLC symbol for an institution, please see the online version of OCLC Participating Institutions.


Search results in the ArticleFirst database can be sorted by Author (1003), Title (4), Journal (1033) and Date (30).

General punctuation rules

Exceptions are made, but the following are generally correct:

Punctuation Rule Punctuation Rule
" Delete and collapse $ Delete and collapse
' (apostrophe) Delete and collapse % Delete and collapse
. (period) Delete and collapse * Delete and collapse
, (comma) Delete and collapse + Delete and collapse
; Delete and collapse > Delete and collapse
: Delete and collapse < Delete and collapse
() Delete and collapse @ Delete and collapse
<> Delete and collapse ? Delete and collapse
{} Delete and collapse -- Delete and collapse
[] Delete and collapse / Substitute a space
= Delete and collapse - Retain and index
! Delete and collapse & Retain and index
# Delete and collapse

Searching tips

Keyword All searches (1016): The Keyword All search finds information in these fields: Author (100/a, 700/a); Title (245/a,b, 980/o), and Source Phrase (773/s,t, 980/2,,3,4,5,6,7,8).

Using limiters: You can limit searches by Year (31) and Library Holdings (56).

Journal browse functionality

In the FirstSearch service, this database also provides an option to browse the Journals List. The options include:

  • Retrieving a list of all the journal records
  • Retrieving a list of issues covered in ArticleFirst for a journal
  • Retrieving the Table of Contents for a specific issue

Alternatives for searching journal records in ArticleFirst are also provided in ArticleFirst journal browse functionality.

Copyright information

Copyright © 1992-[Current year] OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. Certain records in this database are © COPYRIGHT THE BRITISH LIBRARY BOARD: ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

The British Library owns the entire right in the records in this database that include the "BL Shelfmark" or "BL Stock Location" field. Any rights that subsist in the components of said database remain the property either of the British Library Board or the individual publishers contributing to the database. The said records in this database may not be used, sold, licensed, transferred, copied or reproduced in whole or in part in any manner, form, or in any media to any person without the prior written consent of the British Library.


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